Bavaria - A State with a Future

Transport and Energy

Highway, © / Manfred Steinbach
© / Manfred Steinbach

Bavaria is constantly on the move. People are travelling, transporting goods or are out and about on business, by car, by train, by ship, or by plane. So a dense and effective transport network is of especial importance in Germany's largest state, as measured in square kilometres.

In addition, the major European transport routes converge in Bavaria, the north-south and the east-west axes. Mobility and convenient access to transport in Bavaria is provided by a well-developed infrastructure. This does not only mean better quality of life, it is also a clear advantage for Bavaria as an industrial location.

The road network in Bavaria comprises approximately 140,000 kilometres (c. 87,000 miles), of which 2,300 kilometres (c. 1,430 miles) are motorways. There are approximately 6,700 kilometres (c. 4,160 miles) of rail connections, both local and long-distance, in Bavaria. The high-speed network is being expanded and the new ICE connection between Munich and Nuremberg will reduce the travel time between these two metropolises to about one hour. The waterways between the rivers Main and Danube provide a through route for inland navigation from the North Sea to the Black Sea. More than 30 million passengers a year pass through the two international airports in Munich and Nuremberg. The airport Munich Franz-Josef-Strauss is an international hub for air traffic and is one of the largest in Europe.

The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal - the first 40 years

The Duisburg Contract, signed four decades ago by the Federal government and the Bavarian State, provided the basis for the construction of the millennium project, a navigable waterway between the River Main near Bamberg and the Danube in Bavaria. Since it was opened 13 years ago, this canal, which is 171 kilometres (c. 106 miles) long, 55 kilometres (c. 34 miles) wide, 4 metres (c. 13 feet) deep at all places, and which has 16 locks, has been a great success. In the last few years traffic on the canal has more than trebled to nearly seven billion tons. The goods transported annually would fill approximately 200,000 lorries. The canal crosses the watershed, which causes rivers in Europe to flow either into the North Sea or the Baltic on the one hand, or into the Black Sea on the other.

Bavaria possesses a modern energy network, providing electricity safely and reliably to private homes and businesses in all parts of the state. Supplying energy safely is an important task for the future and is becoming an increasingly significant factor when businesses are choosing their locations.

A future-oriented energy policy must guarantee a safe energy supply and support the environmentally friendly generation of energy. Bavaria promotes a balanced mixture of conventional energy sources and renewable energies. In addition, Bavaria supports the use of modern energy technologies designed to make more efficient use of energy and to put energy-saving programmes into practice. Bavaria makes use of renewable forms of energy far more than other states and in this way contributes to an environmentally and climatically friendly energy supply.

As regards generating energy from organic substances and renewable resources, Bavaria leads the way in Germany. Pocking in Lower Bavaria is the site of the largest solar power station in the world, which converts solar energy into electricity for 3,300 households. Bavaria is at the very forefront of modern energy technology. This not only contributes to a safer and more reliable energy supply, it also gives Bavaria a competitive boost on the world markets.

Primary energy sources in Bavaria in percent

Coal 3.4%
Lignite 0.5%
Oil 43.2%
Gas 18.1%
Nuclear energy 27.3%
Renewable energies
Other energy sources 0.7%

The Solar Park in Pocking

On the site of a former military training area in Pocking, Lower Bavaria, sheep now graze under and next to 57,912 high-tech solar modules. With a peak output of 110 megawatts (MWp) the Solar Park in Pocking is currently the largest continuous solar energy complex in the world. The photovoltaic power station, which silently converts sunlight into electricity, officially opened in the district of Passau, Bavaria, on 27 April 2006.